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Edward Gordon CRAIG (1872 -1966)

Edward Gordon Craig was acclaimed as one of the foremost innovators of modern theatrical design. The simplicity and beauty of his approach was based on movement, mood and light.
The son of actress Helen Terry and architect Edward Godwin, he received his first drawing lessons from a local teacher and in the same year began an apprenticeship as an actor at the Lyceum Theatre under the famous Sir Henry Irving. Later he met James Pryde and William Nicholson, two young artists by whom he was introduced to the medium of wood engraving.
His first solo exhibition of prints and drawings was held at the Baillie Gallery. In 1903 he became a member of the select Society of Twelve. Craig later produced some of his most detailed engravings to illustrate Robinson Crusoe, a project which took him many years to complete.
Craig wrote and published books, pamphlets and periodicals. His career as a designer included sets and costumes for Shakespear’s Hamlet, at the Moscow Arts Theatre, co-directed with Stanislavsky. It has been described as ‘a triumphant achievement and a turning point on the Russian stage’.